grows 80 cm high and 60 cm wide, and has an upright growth habit that makes it neat and easy to cultivate; it’s perfect for small herb gardens. Fusarium Wilt diseases results in stunted growth, yellow leaves, dropping of leaves, brown spots on stems and twisted stems. If you prefer seedlings to grow basil, then may have to stick to 1-2 varieties. “As mentioned, basil is the king of summer herbs. Apart from these two, there is third classification known as biennials. Here’s a guide to some popular herbs for kitchen gardens: Even if you manage to keep indoors, it’s unlikely to grow all year around. #1 Fill the container will potting mix (higher amount of organic matter) and the right soil that is available for you. When flowers appear on your plant, snip them off to allow more room for growth. Depending on the variety, plants can reach between 30 cm (0.98 ft) and 150 cm (4.9 ft). But what do these terms mean? • The stronger taste of perennial basil leaves pairs well with Thai cuisine. Life span of perennial plants depends on plant variety; however, the average maturity level is 3 to 5 years. Basil is regarded as the king of summer herbs – and that includes the perennial varieties which have as many uses as the ever-popular sweet basil. Perennial herbs return after a year; annuals take a little extra work. Just like other indoor plants, if you see pale green leaves, then use organic liquid fertilizers like comfrey tea. It does not survive frost and will not come back from its roots after winter. Indoor or container gardening is the best option if you want to grow basil in winter season. If you skipped above points, please go through them they are really essential. It takes one month to enjoy the aroma of this herb. The soil should be well-drained and moist, but not waterlogged. Rotate the plant to avoid leaning in one direction. Window facing south or south west will be ideal, because the basil gets about 5-6 hours of sunlight. A short answer to the question, is basil a perennial plant? “Both types of annuals have a ‘live fast and die young’ approach to allocating their resources,” said Kate Garland, horticultural specialist at the University of Maine Cooperative Extension. A teaspoon of freshly squeezed lemon juice helps to keep the green colour in the pesto. • Plant them at the back of flower beds to provide height or to act as a screen. You can get fluorescent lights from local store or from Amazon. (Basil Varieties). The easiest way to make sure your basil grows back after a year is to propagate it through cutting. Cleanly snip the branch from the plant. Also known as common or sweet basil, basil (U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 11 for outdoor gardens) is a true annual, which means it needs to be replanted each season. Once the roots are at least 2 inches long, replant the basil indoors in rich, fertilized soil in a well-drained container. To improve basil plant yield, it is recommended to prune basil plant leaves after the plant reaches 6 inches in height. Annuals can be very rewarding to grow from seed either indoors or sown directly into the garden when the soil warms.”. However, you can grow basil plant as perennials in USDA zones 10 and above. Every season you must replant this herb. How to Grow Methi Plant (Methi Leaves at... Why My Snake Plant is Dying | Leaves Drooping. Though it seems counterproductive, the more you snip off, the more basil leaves the plant will grow. An indoor basil plant with full sun and steady warm temperatures may last longer as well. One is African Blue Basil. Before the weather turns, take steps to preserve your plant for the next year. Some herbs are annuals, some are perennials, and some form small evergreen shrubs. 10 Easy Steps to Start Your Own Vegetable Garden, The EduPlant School Gardening and Nutrition Competition. Ultimately, though, both annuals and perennials — and everything in between — have their benefits. “Now is a great time to start native plants from seed outdoors. If you live in warmer or tropical region then you can go ahead and plant basil in your garden. Don’t forget that this herb needs warmer weather condition to survive. When choosing whether you want to plant annual or perennial plants, consider the long-term goals for the space. Remove flowers to encourage new leaves at the start of the season. With the first frost your basil plant will start to die. The plants can be woody like trees and shrubs, or herbaceous. Plus, having a mix of perennial and annual plants in an ornamental garden will keep it aesthetically lush and beautiful. How and When to Harvest Potatoes in Container... How to Grow Snake Gourd at Home, Containers/Pots? Whereas, life span of annual plant (including germination, flowering and harvesting) lasts only for one year. So, what is it that makes basil an annual plant? We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. As you’re growing indoors, soil is an essential part of your gardening. (source). We have had them in our greenhouses for as long as 7 or 8 years before they faded away. “While investing in perennial plants can get a bit pricey, annuals can be way more expensive in the long-run if you’re purchasing new plants every year,” Garland said. Choose a large container, but it shouldn’t be too heavy that it becomes hectic to shift it. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Maine started a solar power boom that may be a 'classic climate mistake', Maine fishermen lost off Mass. In areas where the heat becomes extreme, protective mulch can be used to help hold in moisture and insulate the plant roots.