Over the course of industrialization, markets for food and agricultural products have become increasingly concentrated. 21 Industrial agriculture refers to a process of mechanizing the growing, harvesting, and processing of food. In the U.S. beef slaughtering and processing industry, for example, the four largest companies earn 82 percent of the sales. The majority of American farmland today is dominated by industrial agriculture featuring chemically intensive food production in large single-crop farms and animal production facilities. Industrial agriculture and food systems are largely dependent on fossil fuels for the production of food by way of machinery and mechanization, agrichemicals, transportation, food processing, food packaging, assimilating waste, etc. 20 In the supermarket industry, four companies earn at least 42 percent of the sales. (Shiva et al., 2017; Neff et al., 2011). Rather than having a multitude of small family farms producing a variety of healthful, wholesome foods, we have huge, multinational, multibillion-dollar corporations that have maximized their ability to provide food by making every natural step in the life cycle of a crop or animal more "efficient" through the … Modern food processing has grown into a large industry with revenue of hundreds of billions of dollars.