having being forcibly converted to Christianity, the Spanish Out of Spain's population of 7 million, this included up to a million recent converts from Islam and 200,000 converts from Judaism, who were collectively referred to as "New Christians". It … Then the candidate provided the names and birthplaces of their parents and grandparents. "Limpieza de Sangre" in. Repräsentationen des Anderen in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Thus investigations of Limpieza de Sangre origins (geneology) might be The concept of limpieza de sangre, was a significant barrier for many Spaniards to emigrate to the Americas, since some form of proof of not having recent Muslim or Jewish ancestors was required to emigrate to the Spanish Empire.However, within Spain's overseas territories the concept evolved to be linked with racial purity for both Spaniards and indigenous. longer try Indians. 2007 (Bd. Nevertheless, the concept of purity of blood came to be more focused on ancestry than of personal religion. In Amerika wurde das Konzept der Reinheit des Blutes im Moment der Etablierung von Erbrechten insbesondere auf encomiendas interessant, da diese im Zusammenhang mit den Nuevas Leyes auf die Nachkommen von spanischen Eltern beschränkt wurde. On 20 March 1870, a decree suppressed all use of blood purity standards in determining eligibility for any government position or any licensed profession. Die Doktrin von der „Reinheit des Blutes“ wurde in der Folgezeit aus ihrem religiösen Kontext gelöst und diente nun vielmehr dazu, die „reine“ Herkunft eines Kindes von spanischen Eltern anzuzeigen. Crown passed a law that the New World Inquisition could no The Esther M. Zimmer Lederberg Trust Fourteen years later this was extended back to the fifth degree. under the control of Portugal), to introduce a new labor supply population was also intended to help preserve the indianos;    [12] Proofs of racial purity were required in a variety of circumstances in both Spain and its overseas territories. It was directly linked to religion and notions of legitimacy, lineage and honor following Spain's reconquest of Moorish territory. However, laws requiring limpieza de sangre were still sometimes adopted even into the 19th century. Mit dem Nachweis der „Reinheit“ sollte, ähnlich wie schon in Spanien, soziale Mobilität verhindern werden, da sie für den Zugang zu Privilegien erforderlich war. Drawing on medical, art, and cultural history as well as literary studies, the project explores “blood” as material and metaphor in early modern Spain in order to trace how Castilian national, imperial, and theological concerns were staged Limpieza excluded persons with black blood from civil and religious … Flanders. María Elena Martínez. [6], Official suppression of such entry requirements for the Army was enacted into law on 16 May 1865,[7] and extended to naval appointments on 31 August of the same year. How could the Spanish crown keep the indigenous population Aus: Büschges, Christian: Limpieza de Sangre. [8] On 26 October 1866, the test of blood purity was outlawed for the purposes of determining who might be admitted to college education. Während in Europa gegen Andersgläubige und Konvertiten, die möglicherweise im Geheimen ihren alten Glauben praktizierten, mit Hilfe von Inquisitionsverfahren vorgegangen wurde, wurden Indigene als „unverschuldet Ungläubige“ von der Inquisition verschont. Candidates for office and their spouses had to obtain a certificate of purity that proved that they had no Jewish or Muslim ancestors and in New Spain, proof of whiteness and absence of any in the lineage who engaged in work with their hands.