Harmonic = raise the 7th Thank you for the various ways to explain the concepts! …is a half-step below the first tone (which is C): “C major – a minor = same everything, different starting positions C D Eb F G A B C You can clearly see the semitone -or half tone- interval (H) between the leading tone (the 7th note of the interval) and the root. The ‘major scale formula’ (WWHWWWH) is the same for all major scales. Take the C harmonic minor scale: Now raise the 6th note (the Ab) by a half tone to obtain the C melodic minor scale: In the next figure with the ‘melodic minor scale formula’, you can see that the melodic minor scale. Melodic minor scales have a raised seventh. C natural minor and Eb major have the same notes in their scales. B harmonic minor scale: Just like the harmonic minor scale, the melodic minor scale is derived from the modification of the natural minor scale. There are plenty of similar cases of when to use the harmonic minor scale; this is just one example. You will discover all of this here in this tutorial. Therefore, the seventh tone of the natural minor scale is NOT considered as a leading note. A melodic minor scale can not only be obtained by raising the 6th and 7th of a natural minor scale, but also by lowering the 3rd of a major scale, the result is the same. The natural minor scale 2. …is identical with the lower tetrachord of the C melodic minor scale: In our article “Relative and Parallel Minor,” we explained the often confusing terms that are associated with the minor scale. What is this all about? Let me illustrate this again with C minor. The harmonic minor scale is almost equal to the natural minor scale. Listen to the next sound sample of the C harmonic minor scale to hear this effect: By the way: the 3 semitone-interval is in this case technically spoken NOT a minor 3rd interval, but an augmented 2nd interval, since we’re going from Ab to B (in C harmonic minor) and not from G# to B. Now, just raise the 7th note (the Bb) by a semitone to obtain C harmonic minor: It’s as easy as that! Bb melodic minor scale: In the harmonic and melodic minor scales, the seventh tone is a half-step below the first tone. But before we go into the relationship between these scales in terms of the similarities and differences between them, let’s refresh our minds on these minor scales. “Check Out Every Other Harmonic Minor Scale On The Keyboard…”. …are different. Let me illustrate this again with the C minor scale. So far is this right? That’s why the C melodic minor scale: The exotic sounding augmented 2nd interval in the harmonic minor scale is however not always the wanted effect. The descending form of the harmonic minor scale is produced by playing the scale notes from the eighth to the first tone, while the melodic minor scale uses the descending form of the natural minor scale. In general, you can say: a natural minor scale can be found by playing the notes of a major scale starting on the 6th note of that major scale. Only that in jazz, we consider the melodic minor scale going up and down the same. C major is: minor scales, C# harmonic minor scale: similarities between the harmonic and melodic minor scale, Previous post: The Top 6 Chords You Need In Every Key And Why, Next post: Ask Dr. Pokey: “What Is A Chord And What’s Not?”. He is also a jazz musician and composer. Why do we need more than one simple minor scale? We will do the same here. Side note: Melodic and harmonic minor scales are nothing to do with melodic and harmonic intervals. It should be a whole and a half step (so a minor third) down, not 2 whole steps. One characteristic difference between the the harmonic and melodic minor scales is that their upper tetrachords are different. There exists only 1 type of major scale, but there are 3 types of minor scales: natural minor, harmonic minor and melodic minor. In order to have a minor scale with a leading tone but without an augmented 2nd interval between two consecutive scale notes, just take the harmonic minor scale and raise the 6th note of the harmonic minor scale by a semitone. D harmonic minor scale: Since the natural minor scale has no leading tone, the harmonic minor scale was introduced. …have the same upper tetrachord — G, A, B, C: Another difference between the harmonic and melodic minor scales is their descending form. …produces the A harmonic minor scale: When the 7th degree of any scale is a half-step away from the root it is called a leading tone, and so the important difference between the natural and harmonic minor scale is that one has a leading tone while the other does not. A melodic minor scale: This is because the natural minor scale is based on the major scale. in this article, we will learn the differences, as well as how to construct, the natural, harmonic, and melodic minor scales. harmonic and melodic minor scales, The augmented 2nd interval is displayed as 1½ whole tones (=3 semitones). I am completely lost about lowering the 3rd note, or lowering any note in the minor scales. Eb harmonic minor scale: To find a melodic minor scale, you have 3 options: Note that in classical theory the descending melodic scale is not the same as the ascending melodic scale: the ascending scale is the one you just saw here above, the descending scale is simply the natural minor scale. …which is G: Unlike major scales where there is only one type to know about, minor scales have three variations.The three types of minor scale that we’ll look at are: 1. Onye lives in Dubai and is currently the Head of Education at HearandPlay Music Group and the music consultant of the Gospel Music Training Center, all in California, USA. Are you interested in knowing the relationship between the harmonic and melodic minor scales? The only difference is the 7th note which is raised by a half tone. …and the C major scale: Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The G7 chord consists of the notes G, B, D and F. When you would continue to play in C natural minor over the G7 chord, the Bb in C natural minor could conflict with the B in the G7. In the traditional sense, melodic minor has an ascending form and a descending form, meaning that the notes in the … This is quite special because till now we’ve seen only half tone and whole tone intervals between two consecutive notes of a scale. Bb harmonic minor scale: For example:  the notes of the A natural minor scale are exactly the same as the notes of the C major scale, the A natural minor scale only starts on the A instead of on the C. You can say that A minor is the relative minor of C major. “Check Out All The Melodic Minor Scales On The Keyboard…”. Hi Michelle, …produces the A melodic minor scale: what you say is right: Although the natural minor scale is commonly associated with the minor key, there are two other minor scale varieties that are associated with the minor key: the harmonic and melodic minor scales.