From 1860 to 1900, the city's population increased more than tenfold. , Scranton's professional sports date to 1887, when the minor-league Scranton Indians became the city's first professional baseball team. This strengthened its local government. The median income for a household in the city was $28,805, and the median income for a family was $41,642. The Scranton Iron Furnaces are remnants of the city's founding industry and of the Scranton family's Lackawanna Steel Company. This was in part due to the larger Great Railroad Strike, in which railroad workers began to organize and participate in walkouts after wage cuts in Martinsburg, West Virginia. Scranton previously had pro basketball teams, including the Scranton Apollos, Scranton Miners and Scranton Zappers. Climate data for Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Int'l Airport, Pennsylvania (1981–2010 normals, Places adjacent to Scranton, Pennsylvania, Articles relating to Scranton, Pennsylvania, Growth, prosperity and consequences (1900–1945), Stabilization and restoration (1985–present).  While the Catholic Church had prohibited membership in secret organizations since the mid-18th century, by the late 1880s with the influence of Archbishop James Gibbons of Baltimore, Maryland, it supported the Knights of Labor as representing workingmen and union organizing. The city hosts five colleges and universities: The University of Scranton, Geisinger Commonwealth School of Medicine, Johnson College, Lackawanna College, Marywood University; and one technical school, Fortis Institute. John Mitchell is buried in Cathedral Cemetery in Scranton.". At the turn of the 20th century, wealthy businessmen and industrialists built impressive Victorian mansions in the Hill and Green Ridge sections of the city. The Steamtown National Historic Site captures the area's once-prominent position in the railroad industry. Scranton is the sixth-largest city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The Highway Unit was relocated to one new station at N. Keyser Ave & Morgan Highway. Organized by the St. Patrick's Day Parade Association of Lackawanna County, it is the nation's fourth-largest in attendance and second-largest in per capita attendance. Martz Trailways and Greyhound Lines provide coach bus transportation from its downtown station to New York City, Philadelphia and other places in the Northeast. By the mid-1930s, the city population had swelled beyond 140,000 due to growth in the mining and silk textile industries. The city now has large health care and manufacturing sectors. The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54. Total population in Scranton ; Total Population: 76,089; Male Population: 36,647; Female Population: 39,442  Penn Foster High School, a distance education high school, is headquartered in Scranton.. The city began to grow more rapidly in the 1840s with the founding of what would later become the Lackawanna Steel Company. Many buildings around the city that were once empty are currently being restored.  Local television stations include: Local public-access television and government-access television (ECTV) programming is aired on Comcast cable TV channels 19 and 21. Scranton's large Irish population is represented in the annual Saint Patrick's Day Parade, first held in 1862. Scranton was incorporated on February 14, 1856, as a borough in Luzerne County and as a city on April 23, 1866. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 77,182 . In 2003, Hilton Hotels & Resorts opened the Hilton Scranton Hotel & Conference Center at the corner of Adams Avenue & Lackawanna Avenue in the heart of downtown Scranton. In 1952, the Laurel Line ceased passenger service. The city's religious history is evident in the Basilica of the National Shrine of St. Ann, which draws thousands of pilgrims to its annual novena, and St. Stanislaus Cathedral, the seat of the Polish National Catholic Church in North America. During the 1960s and 1970s, the silk and other textile industries shrank as jobs were moved to the South or overseas. , The Bureau of Fire was incorporated as a paid service in 1901. It hosts the Northeast Philharmonic, Broadway Theater and other touring performances. For every 100 females there are 97.0 males. , The city is the location of the Scranton branch of a fictional paper company Dunder Mifflin on NBC's series The Office. In addition, SSD maintains 12 public elementary schools for grades K–5. Its summer concerts have included James Taylor, Dave Matthews Band, and many other musical acts. The Norfolk Southern Railway runs freight trains on the former Delaware, Lackawanna & Western (DL&W) line between Scranton and Binghamton, having taken over operations from the Canadian Pacific Railway (Delaware and Hudson Railway division) in 2015.  The DL&W Railroad, nearly bankrupted by the drop in coal traffic and the effects of Hurricane Diane, merged in 1960 with the Erie Railroad. There are several other print publications with a more narrow focus, including the Union News, La Voz Latina, and Melanian News. It is located in Lackawanna County and is part of the Scranton-Wilkes Barre-Hazelton metropolitan area, which is home to over half a million residents. The median age was 39. The monthly daily average temperature in January, the coldest month, is 25.8 °F (−3.4 °C), while the same figure in July, the warmest month, is 71.4 °F (21.9 °C). Due to the rage for paranormal-themed televisions shows, a popular downtown historic Scranton Ghost Walk has been expanded to operate 365 days a year. In 1856, the Borough of Scranton was officially incorporated. Among those working part-time, it was 30.45%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.40%. Population per square mile, 2010: 3,006.4: Land area in square miles, 2010: 25.31: FIPS Code: 4269000 The other bussing company is the Luzerne County Transportation Authority (LCTA), which mainly runs through The Minooka section (closest to Luzerne County) and Downtown Scranton by The Mall at Steamtown. The Scrantons' firm decided to switch its focus to producing T-rails for the Erie; the company soon became a major producer of rails for the rapidly expanding railroads. They are hired by telephone through central dispatch and cannot be hailed on the street as in larger cities. The strike was settled by a compromise brokered by President Theodore Roosevelt. Creation of the new county, which enabled both more local control and political patronage, helped begin the Scranton General Strike of 1877. He later founded Scranton Steel Company. The tonnage of coal mined increased virtually every year, as did the steel manufactured by the Lackawanna Steel Company. Scranton was designated by the state legislature as the county seat of the newly-formed county, which was also established as a separate judicial district, with state judges moving over from Luzerne County after courts were organized in October 1878. La città ha dato i natali a Joe Biden. They also invested in coal mining operations in the city to fuel their steel operations, and to market it to businesses. However, after World War II, the production of coal and rail traffic declined, leading to a loss of jobs and the closing of many businesses. This could mean that after many years of population loss, efforts to revitalize the city may prove to be successful. The nation's first successful, continuously-operating electrified streetcar (trolley) system was established in the city in 1886, inspiring the nickname "The Electric City". The city of Scranton’s population history shows that its most significant rate of growth occurred during the 19th and early 20th centuries. People in northern Luzerne County sought a new county in 1839, but the Wilkes-Barre area resisted losing its assets. Precipitation is generally slightly greater during late spring and summer, while winter is generally the driest. Spanning over 26 miles, Scranton has a population density of 3,051 people per square mile. Given its industrial basis, Scranton has had a notable labor history; various coal worker unions struggled throughout the coal-mining era to improve working conditions, raise wages, and guarantee fair treatment for workers. The Lackawanna Steel Company and many of its workers were moved to Lackawanna, New York, developed on Lake Erie just south of Buffalo. As the economy contracted, the railroad companies reduced wages of workers in most classes (while sometimes reserving raises for their top management). Holy Cross High School in Dunmore is a Catholic high school operated by the Diocese of Scranton that serves students in Scranton and the surrounding area. Over 83% of the adult population (at least 25 years old) has graduated from high school and over 57% of the residents aged 16 and over, work in the labor force. Times-Shamrock also publishes the Electric City, a weekly entertainment tabloid, and The Citizens' Voice, a daily tabloid based in Wilkes-Barre. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $765 per month, and the median house value is $102,300.